Monday, May 26, 2014

Silencing the Baloch Malalas

p6Today again thousands of Malalas are being vulnerable to circumvallate themselves at homes instead of sitting in their classrooms of schools. This time the victims are the Malalas from Balochistan. A province that had never been threatened by any religious extremist groups in the history before however today is a victim of an unknown religious extremist group that had been threatening female education. Despite the fact that the Baloch had always remained wholly bound with its culture, this particular race had conferred no interest towards religious extremism. The Baloch society is structured on some of its meticulous mechanisms and women empowerment stands out of all other mechanisms. Primarily Baloch populace is a very secular race by the means of religious beliefs and it effusively encourages female education. The biggest example of this fact is the recent protest against the previously unknown religious extremist group that had been threatening female education in the Pakistan-Iran bordering district Panjgur. Thousands of people including teachers, students, their parents and other residents protested against the threats to female education through a protesting rally this Monday. Pangjur as one the very first hub of educational spring in Makran has always remained the nucleus of the driving educational air.  Recently the schools and English language learning centers are confronted by threats to female education through threatening letters and various attacks by a hidden religious extremist group that has been stimulating edginess amongst the female students, their parents, private schools and English language centers from the beginning of this month.

Wednesday, May 21, 2014

Protest in Toronto to save Zahid Baloch chairman BSO Azad and Solidarity with Latif Joher and Balochistan

Press Release
Toronto, May 18, 2014 – A large number of progressive students, Baloch and Sindhi activists gathered at Nathan Philips Square to protest the enforced disappearance of Zahid Baloch, Chairman of Baloch Students Organization-Azad (BSO-Azad), on March 18th, 2014 by the Pakistani Frontier Corps from Quetta, Balochistan. This is yet another case of enforced disappearances of the Baloch people, who are resisting domination and exploitation of their resources by the Pakistani military and intelligence establishments.  Protesters stood in the rain carrying banners and placards condemning the Pakistani military establishment for the atrocities against the civilian population of Balochistan. They chanted slogans – Stop Military Aid to Pakistan – Shame on the Pakistani State and its Army – Immediate Recovery of Zahid Baloch – Recovery of 18,000 Disappeared Baloch Youth. Speeches were delivered at the protest rally by Tayyaba, Urooj, Ayaz and Zaffar Baloch, President BHRC – Canada. A message of Mir Mohammad Ali Talpur a Baloch intellectual and Human Rights activists was read by Urooj at the rally. The speakers informed the public at the gathering about the gross human rights violations in Balochistan by the Pakistani armed forces. They stated that Baloch people were being denied their basic right to life along with political, economic and social rights. The speakers demanded immediate recovery of Zahid Baloch and all the enforced disappeared persons illegally abducted by the Pakistani security forces. The Voice of Baloch Missing Persons, an advocacy organization run by the families of ‘missing persons’, has compiled a list of 19,000 Baloch missing persons, which include women and minors. Latif Johar, member of BSO-Azad, has begun a hunger strike unto death for the safe recovery of his Chairman, Zahid Baloch. As of now, Latif has NOT EATEN since 22 April 2014 and his condition is extremely frail. Latif has asked student groups around the world to support his call for the release of Zahid Baloch and other Baloch missing persons. Enough support for his cause will also help in convincing Latif to end his hunger strike and prevent more lives from succumbing to this cruel tragedy.
***** We are calling this protest to demand: *****
 1. The immediate release of Zahid Baloch and all other Baloch missing persons.
2. The immediate cessation of military operations, covert arrests, abductions, and raids in Balochistan by the Pakistani state.
3. The immediate cessation of financial and political support to the Pakistani military by the Canadian government.

Zaffar Baloch.

Tuesday, May 20, 2014

Students, Civil Society Protest Threats Against Schools in Panjgur

PANJGUR: After threats made to private schools educating girls and an attack on a school administrator, members of the civil society and students took out a procession here on Wednesday to protest the threats and show solidarity with private school. Rallies from different points of the town started and gathered near Model School Chowk. From there, they headed towards the Deputy Commissioner’s office. The participants chanted slogan in favor of education. “We want education. Education is our basic right. Save education,” the protestors demanded. All private schools in town had closed earlier this month after an attack on an English language tuition center in Washbood and a school in Sawaran localities. Teachers were beaten and humiliated, while their cell phones were snatched. A shadowy Islamic extremist group Tanzeem al-Islami ul-Furqan claimed responsibiliy for the attacks. They issued pamphlets to all private schools and English language tuition centers in the area to stop educating girls. The group in its pamphlet had called girls’ education ‘Haram’, an Islamic term that refers to things forbidden in the religion, and had asked private schools to stop educating girls. According to a source, the schools were considering demands of the group and wanted to make an arrangement to educate girls separately. When they reopened this week, vehicle of an administrator of a private school carrying female students and staff to school came under attack by members of the group. Major (retired) Hussain Ali’s vehicle was set ablaze by the attackers. According to him, they were wearing headbands that had an Allah O Akbar print.  READ MORE: 

Ultimatum: Private schools in Panjgur closed indefinitely


abducted political activist at risk of death�Zahid Baloch, Chairman of the Baloch Student Organisation-Azad (BSOA) was abducted in Quetta, Balochistan, on 18 March. His family do not know where he is or what has happened to him. He is at grave risk of ill-treatment, torture, or even death. Hundreds of other activists have suffered similar fates in the province over recent years. Witnesses claim Zahid Baloch was taken at gunpoint in the Satellite Town area in Quetta, Balochistan on 18 March by personnel of the Frontier Corps, a federal paramilitary force. The authorities have not provided any information concerning his abduction and have failed to investigate it adequately. Zahid Baloch is the Chairman of BSOA, a student organization advocating the separation of Balochistan province from the state of Pakistan. It was banned by the Pakistan government in March 2013 because they claimed it was “involved in terrorism.”Zahid Baloch’s abduction follows a pattern of enforced disappearances in Balochistan province whereby Baloch political activists, human rights defenders, journalists, lawyers and suspected insurgents have been picked up by state security forces, and never seen again. Across the province many of those subjected to enforced disappearance have been recovered dead, often bearing bullet wounds and marks of torture. Activists calling for greater autonomy for the Baloch population, seen by the Pakistani authorities as ‘anti-state’, are particularly vulnerable to these violations. Relatives and eyewitnesses frequently accuse the security forces, especially the Frontier Corps and intelligence services, for carrying out these violations. READ MORE:

Abduction of activist Zahid Baloch highlights Balochistan plight

Latif Johar (C), 23, sits in a camp during a hunger strike demanding the release of Zahid Baloch outside Karachi's Press Club on 5 May 2014Pakistani activist and Baloch nationalist Zahid Baloch was abducted earlier this year and his whereabouts remain unknown. The BBC's Shahzeb Jillani, who interviewed him six months before his abduction, reports on the case.  In Karachi's sweltering summer heat, at a protest camp outside the city's main press club, Lateef Gohar, a young man in his early 20s, is lying stretched out on a footpath. Sitting next to him are a few colleagues, mostly women with their faces half-covered in their traditional headscarves. Mr Gohar has refused food since 22 April. With every passing week, he is losing weight and his health is deteriorating. The hunger strike is to protest against the alleged abduction of a nationalist student leader, Zahid Baloch, by Pakistani security forces.  Mr Baloch, who heads the separatist Baloch Student Organisation (Azad), was picked up in a security raid in Quetta, the capital of Balochistan province, on 18 March.  Soldiers from an official paramilitary force, the Frontier Corps, are said to have held him at gunpoint. He was blindfolded and his hands tied behind his back. He was then pushed into a vehicle by men in plain clothes thought to be from Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), say his colleagues.

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

“Why Pakistani state agencies fear books in Balochistan?”

fear_books.jpg"The Baloch should acquire what colonizers call subversive education because the education that colonizers provide can only pollute minds and blunt the will for liberty"
On 13th January the Frontier Corps (FC) of Balochistan raided a book fair being held at Atta Shad Degree College Turbat dispersing students anxious to get books for reading and confiscating books which they termed as provocative and seditious. After this unjust and illegal raid on the College book fair Lieutenant Colonel Muhammad Azam  of FC talking to the media said that their force had seized anti-Pakistan literature, books, maps, posters, banners and other subversive material and added that elements in “banned BSA (Azad) wanted to use students for their designs on the dictates of the foreign agenda”. He said that these elements were brainwashing students in the college to provoke them against the state through anti-Pakistan poetry, anti-Pakistan ideology material and stories based on the lives of the miscreants. He said that these brainwashed students were then used in subversive incidents across Pakistan. He said that miscreants had also established a media cell and anti-state slogans were written on the walls of college. He also said that action would be taken against the printing press where these books were being printed and added that following secret information last week, the FC had sealed a private language centre where anti-Pakistan literature was being taught to students. The FC IG Ejaz Shahid praised the FC personnel for their successful raid which, he said, saved the youngsters from being led astray through brainwashing. Bravo! They move not a finger against the Jihadi and hate-mongering sectarian literature but when Baloch want to learn about the world it is termed as subversive. READ MORE:

Tuesday, April 1, 2014

Chairperson of Baloch missing persons & prominent Baloch Rights activists Nasrullah Baloch life is in danger as threatened to eliminate him by Pakistani agencies

The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) has received information regarding threats to the life of Nasrullah Baloch, the Chairperson of the Voice of Baloch Missing persons (VBMP) and a prominent human rights defender, for pleading the cases of missing persons in the higher courts and before the international community. His two younger brothers were abducted, tortured and released after being told by officials of the intelligence agencies that if their brother did not stop campaigning against disappearances he would be eliminated. The Supreme Court, on more than one occasion, also ordered the police of Quetta to file First Information Reports on the threats but the police, under the influence of military intelligence, failed to comply.  The state intelligence agencies are conscious of the threat to their practice of abduction, keeping incommunicado, torture and extrajudicial killings of persons after the country-wide long march of family members of the missing persons under the banner of the VBMP. 
Mr. Nasrullah Baloch, son of Dad Mohammad, chairperson of Voice of Baloch Missing Persons, has been receiving threats for more than a year from unknown persons who claim to be from the state intelligence agency, the ISI, to stop the campaign against disappearances and extrajudicial killings. His two brothers were told by persons from the intelligence agencies that if they cannot stop their brother then he would be ‘dealt with’.READ MORE:

Journalists are Blacklisted in Baluchistan by Pakistan

Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif made a series of commitments to safeguard press freedom during a meeting with a CPJ delegation last week. Among them was a pledge to speak out in support of media freedom and against attacks on journalists, particularly in high-conflict areas like Baluchistan.  Baluchistan--Pakistan's largest province by area--has been mired in a separatist conflict since the inception of Pakistan in 1947.  Some journalists have termed Baluchistan Pakistan's black hole. Local journalists work in a climate of intense intimidation and risk being killed by an array of actors, including Pakistani security forces and intelligence agencies, state-sponsored anti-separatist militant groups, pro-Taliban groups, and Baluch separatists. Foreign journalists seeking to cover the restive province face tight restrictions. Last month, Pakistani authorities denied British journalist Willem Marx an entry visa to participate in a panel on reporting in Pakistan at the Lahore Literary Festival. The apparent reason: his newly released book, Balochistan at a Crossroads. Pakistaniconsular staff in New York informed Marx he was not welcome in the country. Marx told CPJ that after much probing, the consular official muttered to him, "It was the agencies"--a term used for Pakistan's intelligence apparatus, which includes the powerful Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). 

Baloch Canadians Observe March 27th Black Day – Speakers at Toronto Meeting Support Independence of Balochistan

Hajan Kalhoro CanadaAbusufyan-Al-Ahwazimohammad-ali-baloch

Toronto, March 29, 2014 – BHRC (Canada) held a meeting in Toronto to mark the Pakistani military invasion of Balochistan on March 27, 1948. The gathering of Baloch, Sindhis, Kashmiris, Ahwazi Arabs and Azeri Turks was addressed by speakers from various organizations. The event in Toronto was part of the Black Day observed throughout Balochistan to voice their dissent against the forced annexation of Baloch lands into Pakistan by an illegal military invasion. Ms. Mumtaz Baloch, opening the evening event, provided the audience with an introduction to the history of Balochistan and the events of 1948 that led to the illegal military occupation by Pakistan. She explained how the sovereign parliament of Kalat had decided in favour of independence rather than joining Pakistan.
Zaffar Baloch, President, BHRC – Canada. Those who do not move; do not notice their chains.
I would like to begin with quoting not only a revolutionary individual but an extra ordinary woman who had a deep sense of what freedom means to a people or a social class in terms of awareness and clarity of their goal. Rosa Luxemburg said, “Those who do not move; do not notice their chains.” This truly depicts the inner dimensions of Baloch national liberation struggles in the last hundred years – after every battle, we as a people became increasingly aware of the chains and its various forms of illusions. Today we have reached a point in our collective history where freedom is the only true voice that echoes from the mountains of Balochistan. On March 27, 1948, Pakistan Army attacked Kalat, the centre of Balochistan’s sovereign legitimate parliament without provocation and violated the international law by forced annexation of an independent country into Pakistan. The loss of motherland has since become the basis for all the human rights abuses; loss of Baloch national identity and culture, atrocities, plundering of resources in the name of development, and of course the ongoing fifth military operation in Balochistan with genocidal intent. Please read the full text of the speech and details of other speakers on the following link:
View More Pictures of the event;

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

Invitation to BHRC event in Toronto - to observe Balck Day on Saturday March 29, 2014

Balochistan Observes Black Day

March 27, 1948
On August 4, 1947, a tripartite agreement was signed between Pakistan, the British and Balochistan, called The Standstill Agreement, in which the sovereign status of Balochistan was accepted. The Khan declared Balochistan independent on August 11, 1947, three days before the independence of Pakistan. On March 26, 1948, the Pakistan Army was ordered to move into the Baloch coastal region of Pasni, Jiwani and Turbat. This was the first act of aggression prior to the march on Kalat by a Pakistani military detachment on April 1, 1948. Kalat capitulated on March 27 after the army moved into the coastal region and it was announced in Karachi that the Khan of Kalat has agreed to merge his state with Pakistan. Under the Constitution of Kalat, the Khan was not authorized to take such a basic decision. The Balochistan Assembly had already rejected any suggestion of forfeiting the independence of Balochistan on any pretext. The sovereign Baloch state after British withdrawal from India lasted only 227 days.
A meeting will be held in Toronto to protest Balochistan’s forced annexation through illegal military invasion on March 27, 1948 by Pakistan.
Join us in remembrance of Baloch nation’s loss of rights, freedoms and sovereignty:
North York Central Library
Meeting Room # 1
First floor
5120 Yonge Street, Toronto
Ontario M2N 5N9
Saturday, March 29, 2014
6 pm to 10 pm
TTC Subway Station: North York Centre (Library located above the station)

Sunday, March 23, 2014

Sindhu Desh is inevitable as Millions of Sindhies March for freedom

sindh-freedom-march-karachiKarachi: Pakistan is under the threat of disintegration and after Baluchistan now Sindh is also demanding freedom from the state of Pakistan. To show this demand politically one of the Sindhi nationalist party Jeay Sindh Qaumy Mahaz (JSQM) called for a Freedom March in Karachi capital of Sindh. The leaders in their speeches were telling the audience about the atrocities of the state and they specially brought recently burnt after being shot dead two of the leaders Maqsood Qureshi and Salman Wadhiyo bodies in protest.  Sanaan Qureshi a young leader and son of the slain nationalist leader Bashir Khan Qureshi told the audience that we are betrayed and our rights are violated by the state of Pakistan. Demanding our right to live is not a sin but when we demand it we get killed. He said enough is enough, our survival is in freedom and the state of Pakistan has to demolish. Niaz Kalani the vice chairman again reminded about the extra judicial killing of nationalist leaders by state agencies and condemned it. He said our province meets the demands of Pakistan like 70% of Tax revenue, 83 % of natural gas, sea ports and the biggest coal mines in Thar Desert but our people are dying of hunger. He said this is the right time to show the world and world should see this that millions of peoples are on streets but except regional Sindhi media there is no media coverage. He further said how long will you suppress our voice, how many people will you kill? The leaders demanded world community to take notice of extra judicial killing & human rights violation of Sindhi people. The rally was attended by almost 5 million people and the majority was youth of Sindh. After speeches they performed the funeral prayers of their slain leaders whose bodies were brought in the rally. 


They also considered the languages here as a threat to their dominance and set about to change that ...The atrocities against the Baloch or the ravages against the Bengalis, the recent burning of the Hindu Dharmshala in Larkana or the carnages against the Hazaras or Christians sadden me deeply as do all the brutal and senseless attacks on nationalities or minorities in the length and breadth of the ‘land of pure’. However these horrendous attacks have never surprised me; had there been peaceful coexistence between different nationalities or religious and sectarian harmony; it would have surely surprised me because the basis of all that is wrong here lies in the creation of this state on the basis of religion.
Sheikh Saadi says,
Khist-e-Awal choon nahd Maymaar Kaj Ta Suraiya mee rawad Dewaar Kaj.
Translation,  If the wall’s first brick by the Mason is wrongly laid To Heavens it taken be; tis’ll remain but wrongly laid.             When the power assuming elite, for its ulterior motives, of a colonized land imposes the blatant untruth that the religion is the bedrock of nationhood on the people with different history, culture and ethos inhabiting the land they are set to assume power in then we get the dreadful mess what we see today in Pakistan. The ruling elite tried to over-ride the existing historical and cultural ethos with a specious and spurious one based on religion alone which they thought would unite all by doing away with the old ethos. Blind to history they did not see that there were many Muslim countries but were separate nations or people and not united on religious basis. They committed the crime of fabricating (pun intended) a Muslim ethos.  READ MORE;

Mehran Baluch and a representative, addressing UN Session on Balochistan

18 March 2014: Mehran Baluch, Baloch representative to the United Nations & EU and representative of United School International addressing 25th Session of United Nations Human Rights Council on Balochistan. Item 4 General Debate: Human rights situations that require the Council's attention.

Rights violations, mass killings in Balochistan discussed at UNHRC in Geneva

Geneva (Switzerland), Mar.12 (ANI): Human rights activists, political leaders, Baloch nationalists and students from various parts of the world gathered in Geneva on March 10 to raise the issue of human rights violations in Pakistan’s province of Balochistan. The event titled “Human Rights, Regional Security and Perspectives for Balochistan and Pakistan Post-2014″ was held at Palace of Nations, Geneva on the sidelines of the 110th session of the United Nations Human Rights Committee. The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) together with the United Towns Agency for North-South Corporation and Baluchistan House organizes the event. The speakers highlighted the worsening human rights situation, especially the issue of missing persons in the province. “There is an ongoing military operation in Balochistan. It has intensified in the last few months. In the last week alone, over 100 young Bugtis were killed in Dera Bugti area alone. And now we are requesting the international community to halt or to pressurise Pakistan to halt all military operations in Balochistan because operations are happening across Balochistan,” said Balochistan’s representative to the UN, Mehran Marri Baloch. In January 2014, mass graves were discovered in the district of Khuzdar, Balochistan, current day Pakistan. Numerous bodies of Baloch individuals were discovered, although most remain unidentified and the families of the disappeared still live in uncertainty about the faith of their beloved ones. “There is a serious case of mass genocide taking place in Balochistan. Even in the American Congress it was raised last month that mass graves were found in the area of Khuzdar called Tutak where 167 previously abducted or disappeared Balochs mutilated, decomposed bodies were found. This is crimes against humanity and Pakistan should be held accountable for these crimes it is committing against Baloch nation,” added Mehran Baloch. Read More

EU should not remain silent over 'horrendous' human rights violations in Balochistan by pakistan

The increasing evidence of widespread human rights violations highlight the need for the EU to strengthen its role in the troubled region of Baluchistan, says Niccolò Rinaldi
Baluchistan is one of the most troubled and poorest provinces of Pakistan. Bordering with Afghanistan and Iran, Baluchistan is rich in oil, gas, and minerals, but nevertheless its development has been hindered by the turbulence prevailing in the country. This feeling of injustice among the Baloch population has caused decades of long battle between the Baloch separatists and the Pakistani government. The Pakistani army and security forces are accused by the Baluchistan population of not only usurping their wealth, but also violating their fundamental rights. These protests have led to more abuse, persecution and are even inflicted by Pakistani officials. Enforced disappearances of Baloch political workers have been described by human rights NGOs as a widespread practice in Pakistan, allegedly orchestrated by the Pakistani authorities. According to a report issued by the Commission of inquiry on enforced disappearances in 2013, 209 cases of missing Baloch political workers have been reported. Of these, 61 missing persons have been recovered and 24 mutilated dead bodies have been found in different parts of the province up till now. Additionally, according to a March 2013 UN human rights council report the number of missing people could reach up to 14,000.  READ MORE;

Wednesday, March 5, 2014

Tuesday, March 4, 2014

US State department Human Rights report on Sindh & Balochistan

Politically motivated killings of Baloch nationalists continued in Balochistan and
Karachi. On August 14, security forces allegedly killed Secretary General of the
Baloch Student Organization Azad Raza Jahangeer, along with another
Balochistan National Movement leader in Turbat. Separately, security agents
allegedly abducted Zaheer Baloch, a son of Baloch Republican Party leader Anwar
Baloch, from Panjgur in April. In June authorities found Baloch’s corpse near
Karachi.  The South Asia Terrorism Portal reported that journalists, teachers, students, and
human rights defenders also were targeted in Balochistan. In 2012 at least 690
civilians were victims of violence in Balochistan. According to a July 2012
Interior Ministry report, at least 868 persons had been killed in Balochistan since
2010. The report stated that Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Lashkar-e-Balochistan, Baloch
Musalla Difa Tanzeem, and the Baloch Liberation Army were involved in
disrupting law and order in the province. According to the HRCP, terrorist attacks
in Balochistan killed 2,050 innocent persons and injured another 3,822 in 2012.
Read More:

Memorandum demanded UN to investigate missing persons issue of Balochistan

KARACHI: The government of Pakistan has ignored the historical long march of Balochistan by Voice of Baloch Missing Persons (VBMP} and families of missing persons for the recovery of disappeared persons of Balochistan. According to media reports the four page memorandum demanded the UN to investigate issues of missing persons; target killings; enforced disappearances; alleged involvement of agencies in heinous crimes; and a UN fact-finding mission to investigate mass graves and international standard DNA tests to identify bodies. According to a Statement Issued by Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) a Hong Kong based organisation, United Nations Information Centre Director Vittorio Cammartoa, who was also a part of the meeting, told that UN Resident Coordinator Lola Castro, and ILO Country Representative Francesco d’Ovidio, who is also chair of the Human Rights Task Force, was part of the meeting. Cammartoa said that the concerns of the marchers were handed over in the form a petition which was addressed to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. “The petitioners were assured that their request will be promptly forwarded to Secretary-General’s office in New York and to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva for follow up,” said Cammartoa. The delegation of the long march was satisfied with the assurance given by the officials from the UN mission.

Baloch to raise the issue of missing persons, mass graves at UNHRC

Pakistan, March 03: 72-year-old Mama Qadeer Baloch and 21 others have been marching by foot for over 100 days - passing through tough terrains, mountains and busy streets. Qadeer is not only seeking justice for his son, Jalil Reki, who was abducted, killed and dumped by the secret agencies, but also for thousands of other Baloch missing persons who are victims of atrocities by Pakistani agencies. Mama Qadeer reports over 18,000 Baloch missing, many of whom were killed and dumped in the last few years. The secret agencies, worried by Qadeer's Long March, are now threatening the marchers.

Pakistan's Free Media and Baloch Missing Persons - 5th Dimension Ep40

Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Balochs are peaceful: 72-year-old Mama Qadeer Baloch breaks record of Gandhi after 84 years

ISLAMABAD: Abdul Qadeer Baloch, aged 72, and 11-year old Ali Haider Baloch are not aware that they have made history. This old man and young boy have travelled more than 2,000 kilometers on foot along with a group of Baloch women and men on their way from Quetta to Islamabad. The purpose of their non-violent long march was to raise voice against enforced disappearances in Balochistan. They broke the 84-year-old record of Mahatma Gandhi who traveled for 390 kilometers on foot from Ahmadabad to Dandi as part of his famous salt march. When Mahatma Gandhi started his march to protest against the salt laws of British Government in the colonial India he was 61 years old in 1930. The youngest among the first 80 marchers with Gandhi was 18 years old. Gandhi opposed unjustified taxes on the production of salt and started disobedience by making salt himself. Chinese leader Mao Zedong also started a long march in 1934 but this long march was actually a military retreat undertaken by the red army of Communist Party. There was no single long march but a series of marches because various parts of the red army in the south China escaped to the north and the west. The red army of 41 years old Mao Zedong regrouped and then attacked Kuomintang. This long march was part of a military strategy. It was not a political long march. The word long march was used and abused by many politicians after Mahatma Gandhi and Mao Zedong but nobody traveled on foot. Most of the politicians used vehicles in their long marches. Read More: